The UAE, London, Paris, New York and Moscow might be soon the hosts for the innovative, brave and enchanting new way of “making” architecture. The genius here is the Italian architect Dr. David Fisher whose Dynamic Architecture is revolutionizing the concept of what architecture can do and challenging the notion that buildings can only be static.
The characteristic of this Dynamic Architecture is its “green” qualities in that the skyscraper rotates due to it being wind-powered. The project has been looked most closely at in Dubai, the city of the excess and unbelievable. The wind turbines which would be placed between each floor would make the skyscraper an environmentally positive construction, generating a large excess of power to put back into the energy grid. Each turbine has the peak ability to produce around 0.2 megawatt hours of electricity. Given Dubai has an average of 4000 hours of wind annually, with an average wind speed of 16 km/h, the turbines are estimated to produce around 1,200,000 kilowatt-hours of energy per year. Four of the 48 turbines in the building will be enough to power the entire tower, leaving the other 44 to provide surplus energy back into Dubai’s power grid.
The tower’s unique properties allow for an equally innovative construction process. Instead of building the tower from the ground up, floor by floor as most skyscrapers are built, the rotating tower will be built in parallel stages. As a team on site builds the enormous concrete core, or spine of the building, complete with the elevators, a separate team will be working in a dedicated factory, prefabricating each floor in segments. Once the core is complete, the segments will be lifted up the side of the building and each floor will be assembled and attached, from the top floor down, around the central spine.
This method holds a number of advantages over traditional construction schedules. Firstly, since the core and floor segments are being built in parallel, the construction can be much quicker, resulting in a time saving of around 30% for a similarly sized regular tower. Secondly, vastly fewer workers need to be on site at the tower, meaning only around 90 specialist workers will need to work in difficult and dangerous conditions at the tower itself, the remainder being in an optimal, safe and comfortable factory setting.
Thirdly, each modular apartment can be easily customized to the buyer’s desires, and every small component can be finished and quality assessed much more easily than an on-site construction, leading to higher standards of quality control.
Architect David Fisher sees the construction method as the equivalent of an industrial revolution in construction, bringing large-scale building practices into line with industrial practices in other areas. The first industrial prefabrication factory will be located in Italy.